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Subsections


9.2 Using HTCondor with the Hadoop File System

The Hadoop project is an Apache project, headquartered at http://hadoop.apache.org, which implements an open-source, distributed file system across a large set of machines. The file system proper is called the Hadoop File System, or HDFS, and there are several Hadoop-provided tools which use the file system, most notably databases and tools which use the map-reduce distributed programming style.

Distributed with the HTCondor source code, HTCondor provides a way to manage the daemons which implement an HDFS, but no direct support for the high-level tools which run atop this file system. There are two types of daemons, which together create an instance of a Hadoop File System. The first is called the Name node, which is like the central manager for a Hadoop cluster. There is only one active Name node per HDFS. If the Name node is not running, no files can be accessed. The HDFS does not support fail over of the Name node, but it does support a hot-spare for the Name node, called the Backup node. HTCondor can configure one node to be running as a Backup node. The second kind of daemon is the Data node, and there is one Data node per machine in the distributed file system. As these are both implemented in Java, HTCondor cannot directly manage these daemons. Rather, HTCondor provides a small DaemonCore daemon, called condor_hdfs, which reads the HTCondor configuration file, responds to HTCondor commands like condor_on and condor_off, and runs the Hadoop Java code. It translates entries in the HTCondor configuration file to an XML format native to HDFS. These configuration items are listed with the condor_hdfs daemon in section 9.2.1. So, to configure HDFS in HTCondor, the HTCondor configuration file should specify one machine in the pool to be the HDFS Name node, and others to be the Data nodes.

Once an HDFS is deployed, HTCondor jobs can directly use it in a vanilla universe job, by transferring input files directly from the HDFS by specifying a URL within the job's submit description file command transfer_input_files. See section 3.12.2 for the administrative details to set up transfers specified by a URL. It requires that a plug-in is accessible and defined to handle hdfs protocol transfers.


9.2.1 condor_hdfs Configuration File Entries

These macros affect the condor_hdfs daemon. Many of these variables determine how the condor_hdfs daemon sets the HDFS XML configuration.

HDFS_HOME
The directory path for the Hadoop file system installation directory. Defaults to $(RELEASE_DIR)/libexec. This directory is required to contain

HDFS_NAMENODE
The host and port number for the HDFS Name node. There is no default value for this required variable. Defines the value of fs.default.name in the HDFS XML configuration.

HDFS_NAMENODE_WEB
The IP address and port number for the HDFS embedded web server within the Name node with the syntax of a.b.c.d:portnumber. There is no default value for this required variable. Defines the value of dfs.http.address in the HDFS XML configuration.

HDFS_DATANODE_WEB
The IP address and port number for the HDFS embedded web server within the Data node with the syntax of a.b.c.d:portnumber. The default value for this optional variable is 0.0.0.0:0, which means bind to the default interface on a dynamic port. Defines the value of dfs.datanode.http.address in the HDFS XML configuration.

HDFS_NAMENODE_DIR
The path to the directory on a local file system where the Name node will store its meta-data for file blocks. There is no default value for this variable; it is required to be defined for the Name node machine. Defines the value of dfs.name.dir in the HDFS XML configuration.

HDFS_DATANODE_DIR
The path to the directory on a local file system where the Data node will store file blocks. There is no default value for this variable; it is required to be defined for a Data node machine. Defines the value of dfs.data.dir in the HDFS XML configuration.

HDFS_DATANODE_ADDRESS
The IP address and port number of this machine's Data node. There is no default value for this variable; it is required to be defined for a Data node machine, and may be given the value 0.0.0.0:0 as a Data node need not be running on a known port. Defines the value of dfs.datanode.address in the HDFS XML configuration.

HDFS_NODETYPE
This parameter specifies the type of HDFS service provided by this machine. Possible values are HDFS_NAMENODE and HDFS_DATANODE. The default value is HDFS_DATANODE.

HDFS_BACKUPNODE
The host address and port number for the HDFS Backup node. There is no default value. It defines the value of the HDFS dfs.namenode.backup.address field in the HDFS XML configuration file.

HDFS_BACKUPNODE_WEB
The address and port number for the HDFS embedded web server within the Backup node, with the syntax of hdfs://<host_address>:<portnumber>. There is no default value for this required variable. It defines the value of dfs.namenode.backup.http-address in the HDFS XML configuration.

HDFS_NAMENODE_ROLE
If this machine is selected to be the Name node, then the role must be defined. Possible values are ACTIVE, BACKUP, CHECKPOINT, and STANDBY. The default value is ACTIVE. The STANDBY value exists for future expansion. If HDFS_NODETYPE is selected to be Data node (HDFS_DATANODE), then this variable is ignored.

HDFS_LOG4J
Used to set the configuration for the HDFS debugging level. Currently one of OFF, FATAL, ERROR, WARN, INFODEBUG, ALL or INFO. Debugging output is written to $(LOG)/hdfs.log. The default value is INFO.

HDFS_ALLOW
A comma separated list of hosts that are authorized with read and write access to the invoked HDFS. Note that this configuration variable name is likely to change to HOSTALLOW_HDFS.

HDFS_DENY
A comma separated list of hosts that are denied access to the invoked HDFS. Note that this configuration variable name is likely to change to HOSTDENY_HDFS.

HDFS_NAMENODE_CLASS
An optional value that specifies the class to invoke. The default value is org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.

HDFS_DATANODE_CLASS
An optional value that specifies the class to invoke. The default value is org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.

HDFS_SITE_FILE
The optional value that specifies the HDFS XML configuration file to generate. The default value is hdfs-site.xml.

HDFS_REPLICATION
An integer value that facilitates setting the replication factor of an HDFS, defining the value of dfs.replication in the HDFS XML configuration. This configuration variable is optional, as the HDFS has its own default value of 3 when not set through configuration.


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